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Computer

Basic Knowledge About Computer...
sahir.kumar
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  • Central processing unit
    A component on the computers motherboard that interprets and carries out the basic instructions that operate a computer
  • System clock
    Controls the timing of all computer operations
  • ROM
    Memory that is used to store permanent data and instructions during the computer manufacturing process. Cannot be changed.
  • Fetching
    The process of obtaining program instructions data from memory
  • Executing
    The process of carrying out commands
  • Decoding
    The process of translating the instruction into signals the computer can execute
  • Processing
    Management of data by computers in a variety of ways such as live calculating, solving problems, and decision making.
  • Intergrated device
    A Super thin slice of semi conducting material packed with microscopic circuit elements such as wires transistors and resistors
  • Analog device
    A device with more than two options that can perform a continuous transmission of information such as the human brain or a car radio volume or dimmer switch a light
  • Digital device
    I device with only two operations such as light switch that can either be on or off or a computer that uses binary code to operate
  • Video card
    This is the computer component that sends all the data to the monitor so you can see a picture or colors produced by a computer
  • Memory
    Temporary holding area for a data.
  • Bit
    The binary digits of zero and one
  • Peripheral
    Any hardware attach the CPU whether it be an input output or storage device.
  • Chip
    A small piece of semiconducting material usually silicone on which integrated circuits are attached
  • Gigahertz
    1 billion Ticks of the system clock per second.
  • Expansion slot
    Socket on a motherboard that can hold an adapter
  • Internet
    The physical connection networked computers
  • Creative Commons
    The digital era answer to copy write or those creators who wish to share their works is called.
  • Third party
    A person or company other than you and the owner of the website you visit
  • Hypertext markup language
    A formatting language or code used to create web pages.
  • Bug
    A flaw in a computer program that allows security breaches.
  • Trojan horse
    A form of malware disguising itself as a normal file or program to trick users into downloading and installing it
  • Desktop publisher
    Software program used to create design on them such as greeting card newsletters and brochures.
  • Spreadsheet
    Software used to perform math calculations such as balancing a check book determining profit calculating a car payment.
  • Word processing
    Software program used to create document such as letters reports tables of information.
  • Web page authoring software
    Software designed to create pages for publication on the Internet
  • Browser
    Software designed to display pages that are created for publication on the Internet.
  • Database
    Software that allows computers users to store and retrieve records of information such as patient records at doctor offices.
  • Freeware
    Trial version of software that is given to you for. Of time , typically 30 days 
  • Commercial software
    Software that you must purchase to use
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